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Boules Sports
That special ball game

The throwing of bowls counts among the oldest of all sporting gestures: from ancient Greece, where it was first practiced, it was brought to northern Italy and southern France by the Romans.

Despite its popularity throughout the Middle Ages, it was not until the beginning of the 20th century that rules began to emerge and govern the different games of bowls: Boules Lyonnaise, Pétanque and Rafle.
All three are common in that bowls ('boules' in French) are being used to play. These are either made of metal -small (diameter of 8 cm, 800 grams) for Pétanque and bigger for Boules - or of a synthetic material for Rafle. They are similar in that a considerably smaller bowl, the jack or 'cochonnet' (French for piglet), is used as the target. The fundamentals of the throwing techniques are comparable in all boules sports.

Traditional events in singles, doubles and triples have been complemented by new disciplines such as the Precision Throw, the ultimate test of a player's throwing qualities, and the Shuttle Progressive Throw, an athletic variation to the game of Boules Lyonnaise.

Countries around the northwestern Mediterranean basin feature the highest density of people practicing these sports: 20 million in France and Italy alone.
Confédération Mondiale des Sports de Boules
Information about the German Petanque Federation


the city of Duisburg

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